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Welcome to Azerbaijan, Land of Fire, Warm hospitality, Deep contrasts, Delicious cuisine, beautiful Historical, Cultural and Natural attractions and traditions. Azerbaijan is recently becoming a favorite tourist destination for those who want something new and different.
START 9:00 AM End Tour 07:00 PM
Azerbaijan’s nickname, ‘Land of Fire’ is far more than a marketing slogan as you’ll see at these two fascinating sites. Azerbaijan was one of the original homelands of the ancient religion of Zoroastrianism in which flames were seen as a symbol of the divine. And, as though heaven sent, it was a country where fires leapt spontaneously from the ground. And they still do as you’ll see at Yanar Dag (‘Burning Mountain’). While hardly a ‘mountain’, this windswept hillside 25 kilometres northeast of Baku has been burning for as long as anyone can remember, and the fire isn’t showing signs of going out any time soon. It’s an unusual curiosity, but by no means the only fire phenomenon in Azerbaijan.
At a whim of nature, the land of this Caucasian country located on the picturesque coast of the Caspian Sea,is replete with underground sources of oil and gas that long for blowing out. Natural gas in the Azerbaijan bowels is so much that it comes to the surface over and over again. In some places, a match dropped accidentally or deliberately, a torch, or any spark can ignite the gas, which will keep on burning until it fully exhausts. In times of old, Azerbaijan was a country of fire-worshipers, followers of the Zoroastrian cult. People believed that fire sources were the manifestation of divine power, they worshiped them, building altars and temples. One of the most famous and popular tourist places of the “eternal flame” in Azerbaijan is the mountain of
Yanar Dag. Actually, it is rather a hill than a mountain, with natural gas burning on its slope from ancient times. Meter-long tongues of fire are licking the stratified earth approximately for 10 m in width, searing those who approached too close. People occupy the benches to watch the blazing hill in the evening, when the sight is most effective.
Mud Volcano: Here are 850 mud volcanoes in the world, and over 300 of them are in Azerbaijan. Most are located on Absheron, around Baku. Mud volcanoes in Baku come in a variety of shapes and sizes, but those most common in Azerbaijan have several small cones, or vents. These small cones are an amazing and even beautiful sight. Mud volcanoes are particularly diverse in Azerbaijan. There are giant volcanoes, such as Toragay and Great Kanizdag in Gobustan, Otmanbozdag and Bozdag- Guzdek on
Absheron, with a total elevation of 400 mtrs. Volcanoes are also registered on islands in the Baku archipelago. Eight of these islands, including Khara-Zira, Zenbil and Garasu, are volcanic. There is a volcano called Goturdag, which is the world’s only continuously rupting volcano; mud squeezing as the specialists put it, has been observed there for many years. There are volcanoes on the coast of the Caspian: Bandovan, Hamamdag and Bahar.